There are a number of certifications available related to virtualization, with those from VMware being among the most sought after. The VMware VSphere 8.x Professional (2V0-21.23) credential focuses on knowledge and best practices related to their products. The exam is divided into seven domains:
- Architecture and Technologies
- Products and Solutions
- Planning and Designing
- Installing, Configuring, and Setup
- Performance-tuning, Optimization, and Upgrades
- Troubleshooting and Repairing
- Administrative and Operational Tasks
Currently, the exam consists of 70 questions on topics nested underneath each of those domains that need to be answered in 135 minutes. How much do you know about the first three of these domains associated with VMware VSphere? What follows is a self-test of twenty-five questions based on the general concepts and related topics connected with study for the first three of the seven domains.
The answers appear at the end of the questions. Good luck!
1. Which datastore type in VMware vSphere allows for the highest level of performance and scalability?
A) Virtual Volumes (vVols)
B) VSAN (Virtual SAN)
C) VMFS (Virtual Machine File System)
D) NFS datastore
2. Which level of licensing is required to enable Storage I/O Control (SIOC) in VMware vSphere?
B) Enterprise Plus
3. What is the primary advantage of using persistent memory (PMem) in VMware vSphere?
A) Increased storage capacity
B) Faster access and lower latency compared to traditional storage
C) Enhanced data deduplication capabilities
D) Improved compatibility with legacy storage systems
4. What is a storage policy in VMware vSphere used for?
A) Assigning network connectivity to virtual machines
B) Defining and applying data service requirements to virtual machine storage
C) Configuring host resource allocation for virtual machines
D) Managing backup schedules for virtual machine data
5. Which factor is NOT considered by Storage I/O Control (SIOC) when prioritizing storage resources?
B) Queue depth
C) IOPS (Input/Output Operations Per Second)
D) CPU utilization
6. Which component of VMware Tanzu enables the management and orchestration of containerized applications?
A) Tanzu Service Mesh
B) Tanzu Observability
C) Tanzu Kubernetes Grid
D) Tanzu Mission Control
7. Which storage access protocol is commonly used in network-attached storage (NAS) environments?
8. How does a virtual Trusted Platform Module (vTPM) enhance the security of virtual machines in VMware vSphere?
A) By isolating virtual machines from the network
B) By preventing unauthorized access to virtual machine files
C) By providing a secure storage for cryptographic keys and measurements within the virtual machine
D) By enforcing strict access control policies for virtual machine resources
9. Which of the following is a characteristic of Non-Volatile Memory Express (NVMe) in VMware vSphere?
A) Requires specialized storage controllers for compatibility
B) Primarily used for archival storage
C) Offers seamless integration with Fibre Channel storage networks
D) Provides high-speed, low-latency access to storage devices
10. Which datastore type in VMware vSphere allows for the most granular control over individual virtual machine files?
A) VMFS (Virtual Machine File System)
B) VCloud (Virtual Cloud Forms)
C) vVols (Virtual Volumes)
D) VSAN (Virtual SAN)
11. How does vSphere Trust Authority ensure the integrity of the vSphere infrastructure?
A) By digitally signing and verifying the integrity of critical components
B) By encrypting network traffic within the vSphere environment
C) By monitoring and analyzing security logs for suspicious activities
D) By enforcing strict access control policies for virtual machines
12. What is the difference between Physical Compatibility Mode (Physical RDM) and Virtual Compatibility Mode (Virtual RDM)?
A) Physical RDM allows direct access to the entire physical storage device, while Virtual RDM provides access to a virtual disk file residing on the storage device.
B) Physical RDM and Virtual RDM are two different terms for the same configuration.
C) Virtual RDM is recommended for high-performance workloads, while Physical RDM is recommended for storage efficiency.
D) Physical RDM requires additional storage virtualization software, while Virtual RDM works natively with VMware vSphere.
13. Which encryption operations are typically performed by a Key Management Services (KMS) server in VMware vSphere?
A) Encryption of network traffic within the vSphere environment
B) Encryption of virtual machine data at rest and in transit
C) Encryption of vSphere infrastructure components
D) Encryption key generation, distribution, and revocation for virtual machine and datastore encryption
14. Which storage access protocol is primarily used in block-level storage environments?
15. What is the primary purpose of VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) in VMware vSphere?
A) To optimize storage resources for virtual machines
B) To manage network traffic between virtual machines
C) To dynamically balance computing resources across ESXi hosts
D) To automate the provisioning of virtual machines
Please visit GoCertify to attempt the remaining 10 questions of this quiz.
1. C: Overall, the combination of concurrent access, distributed locking, clustering, block-level storage access, and scalable architecture makes VMFS the preferred datastore type for achieving high performance and scalability in VMware vSphere environments.
2. B: To enable Storage I/O Control (SIOC) in VMware vSphere, the required level of licensing is Enterprise Plus. SIOC is an advanced feature that is included with the Enterprise Plus edition of VMware vSphere. It is not available in lower editions such as Standard, Essentials, or Advanced.
3. B: PMem combines the speed of memory with the persistence of storage, creating a unique hybrid solution. It is designed to bridge the gap between traditional RAM and storage devices by offering higher performance and lower latency characteristics. This enables applications to read and write data at much faster rates, reducing the overall response time and improving the performance of workloads.
4. B: Storage policies in VMware vSphere provide a standardized and efficient approach to defining and applying data service requirements to virtual machine storage. They ensure that virtual machines receive the appropriate storage capabilities, performance, availability, and data protection, while simplifying management tasks and enabling automation.
5. D: CPU utilization is not considered by Storage I/O Control (SIOC) when prioritizing storage resources. SIOC focuses solely on managing and allocating storage I/O resources based on the I/O needs of virtual machines. It does not consider any compute-related factors in its resource allocation decisions. CPU resource allocation and management are typically handled by other mechanisms, such as CPU scheduling and resource pools, within VMware vSphere.
6. C: Tanzu Kubernetes Grid (TKG) enables the management and orchestration of containerized applications by providing a simplified deployment process, compatibility with upstream Kubernetes, infrastructure abstraction, comprehensive lifecycle management, and integration with the Tanzu ecosystem. It offers a consistent and scalable Kubernetes runtime environment, empowering organizations to efficiently manage their containerized workloads.
7. A: NFS (Network File System) is the storage access protocol commonly used in network-attached storage (NAS) environments.
8. C: A virtual Trusted Platform Module (vTPM) enhances the security of virtual machines in VMware vSphere by enabling secure boot, protecting encryption keys, measuring platform integrity, establishing a trusted computing base, and facilitating data protection. It adds hardware-backed security features to virtual machines, contributing to a more robust and secure virtual environment.
9. D: NVMe is a protocol specifically designed to leverage the performance benefits of solid-state drives (SSDs) and other non-volatile memory technologies. It offers a more efficient and streamlined communication interface between the host system (such as a VMware vSphere environment) and the storage devices.
10. C: Overall, the object-based storage model, per-VM storage policies, virtual machine-centric management, atomic visibility, and integration with SPBM make vVols the datastore type that offers the most granular control over individual virtual machine files in VMware vSphere environments.
11. A: vSphere Trust Authority ensures the integrity of the vSphere infrastructure by digitally signing and verifying the integrity of critical components. By establishing trust and attesting to the integrity of the components, it helps protect against unauthorized modifications and provides a trustworthy platform for running virtualized environments.
12. A: Physical RDM allows direct access to the entire physical storage device, while Virtual RDM provides access to a virtual disk file residing on the storage device.
13. D: A Key Management Services (KMS) server in VMware vSphere performs encryption key generation, distribution, and revocation. It handles the lifecycle management of keys and ensures their protection and security. The KMS server plays a crucial role in providing centralized and secure key management for virtual machine and datastore encryption in the vSphere environment.
14. A: iSCSI (Internet Small Computer System Interface) is the storage access protocol primarily used in block-level storage environments.
15. C: The primary purpose of VMware Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS) in VMware vSphere is to dynamically balance computing resources across ESXi hosts in a cluster. DRS monitors the resource utilization of virtual machines and hosts within a cluster and automatically makes recommendations or performs migrations to optimize resource distribution and workload performance.